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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Heroic

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase vs. Heroic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearch
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score116.31
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score39.34
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.31
Rank#304  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.orgspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­index
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.orgspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overview
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetSpotify
Initial release200820082014
Current release4.1.0, December 20222.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes infovia Elasticsearch
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBaseHeroic
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

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25 January 2023

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23 January 2023

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19 January 2023

3 Things I Learned from The Apache Cassandra® Corner Podcast
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A New Chapter: Introducing Our New Brand
13 January 2023

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Cassandra: Zero touch operations, configuration and management with true autoscaling
» more

Aiven for Apache Cassandra: A truly distributed database that can handle large volumes of writes.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraHBaseHeroic
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