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DBMS > Cassandra vs. GraphDB vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. GraphDB vs. IBM Db2 warehouse vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Valentina Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDB  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Cloud-based data warehousing serviceA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.70
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.86
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#119  Overall
#22  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#59  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#290  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.ontotext.comwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-warehousewww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-iriswww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsvalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookOntotextIBMInterSystemsParadigma Software
Initial release20082000201420181999
Current release4.0.4, May 20229.8, June 20212021.1, June 20215.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)stored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityPL/SQL, SQL PLyesyes
Triggersyesnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"noneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMIBM Db2 warehouse infoformerly named IBM dashDBInterSystems IRISValentina Server
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
BBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
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