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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Graph Engine vs. LevelDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Graph Engine vs. LevelDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string values
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score109.27
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.68
Rank#242  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Score3.51
Rank#100  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.graphengine.iogithub.com/­google/­leveldb
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­main/­doc/­index.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftGoogle
Initial release200820102011
Current release4.1.3, July 20231.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
.NETIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes infowith automatic compression on writes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityLevelDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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