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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Graph Engine vs. HEAVY.AI vs. KairosDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Graph Engine vs. HEAVY.AI vs. KairosDB vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022  Xexclude from comparisonKairosDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA high performance, column-oriented RDBMS, specifically developed to harness the massive parallelism of modern CPU and GPU hardwareDistributed Time Series DBMS based on Cassandra or H2TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.15
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.88
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score1.48
Rank#146  Overall
#70  Relational DBMS
Score0.67
Rank#214  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.graphengine.iogithub.com/­heavyai/­heavydb
www.heavy.ai
github.com/­kairosdb/­kairosdbvaticle.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.heavy.aikairosdb.github.iodocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMicrosoftHEAVY.AI, Inc.Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20082010201620132016
Current release4.0.5, July 20225.10, January 20221.2.2, November 20182.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC++ and CUDAJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
.NETLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesnono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Vega
Graphite protocol
HTTP REST
Telnet API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesnonono
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioningSharding infoRound robinSharding infobased on CassandraSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple password-based access controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022KairosDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Optimizes memory and compute layers to deliver unprecedented performance. Natively...
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Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Only HEAVY.AI allows users to visually and interactively discover high-value patterns,...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Advanced analytics, geospatial and time-series analytics, accelerated data science,...
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Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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HEAVY.AI Free (Free Forever), Foundations ($2k/month), and Enterprise Licensure (Inquire...
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AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Cassandra: Zero touch operations, configuration and management with true autoscaling
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022KairosDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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