DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.99
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score2.66
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablepingcap.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGooglePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200820152016
Current release4.0, July 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableTiDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

PingCAP Announces Collaboration with the Advanced Software Technologies Lab at ETH Zürich to Explore DBMS Testing
20 September 2021

Getting Started with JuiceFS Using TiKV
17 September 2021

How to Run Chaos Experiments on Your Physical Machine
14 September 2021

Easy Local Development with TiDB
7 September 2021

TiDB 5.2 - Translytical Processing Made Easier and Faster
1 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

DataStax Adds Multi-Region Flexibility to Its Serverless Cloud Database
15 September 2021, Cloud Wars

DataStax Delivers the First Serverless Database Available for Production in Multiple Regions and Multiple Clouds
14 September 2021, Business Wire

DataStax Q2 Marked by Strong Growth with Leading Enterprises Including Barracuda Networks and Priceline
31 August 2021, Business Wire

Yugabyte CTO Karthik Ranganathan | The Cloud Database Report Podcast
13 September 2021, Cloud Wars

DataStax Astra DB offers replication across multiple regions and clouds
16 September 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Bigtable vs Bigquery - A Quick Overview
9 September 2021, Analytics India Magazine

Google Cloud Opens New Canadian Cloud Region In Toronto
14 September 2021, CRN

Google Cloud launches Toronto region
17 September 2021, Channel Daily News

Google Cloud's new region in Toronto is now open
15 September 2021, Devdiscourse

What is Apache Hadoop? Understanding Hadoop Ecosystem & Architecture | ITBE
9 September 2021, IT Business Edge

provided by Google News

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Staff Database Engineer
Visa, Austin, TX

Lead Database Engineer, Cassandra
Blizzard Entertainment, Irvine, CA

Database Administrator
Verizon, Alpharetta, GA

Principal-Database Automation Engineer
AT&T, Boston, MA

Senior Database Engineer * Cassandra* MariaDB* POSTGres * Remote East Coast Opportunity *
Synchronoss Technologies, Remote

Senior Machine Learning Engineer
Bounce Exchange, New York, NY

Google Cloud Trainee
SADA, Chicago, IL

Google Cloud Platform Data Engineer and Subject Matter Expert
Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA

Google Cloud Trainee
SADA, New York, NY

Google Cloud Trainee
SADA, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer
PingCAP, Remote

Software Engineer, Storage and Caching
Pinterest, San Francisco, CA

Recruiter
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

Developer Relations and Product Evangelist
PingCAP, Remote

Senior Demand Generation Marketing Manager
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here