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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MaxDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MaxDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.27
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score4.15
Rank#72  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#323  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#223  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablemaxdb.sap.comopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997OpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release20082015198420142004
Current release3.11.6, February 20207.9.09 (July 2018), 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesnono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
HTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
JavaJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesnoyes
Triggersyesnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingnoneSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMaster-slave replicationselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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More resources
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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