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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2008201520131989
Current release3.11.7, July 20201.8.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGoC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data and Stringsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMicrosoft SQL Server
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