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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score30.73
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2008201520132014
Current release3.11.7, July 20201.8.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data and Stringsyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnonoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoJavaScript
TriggersyesnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accountsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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More resources
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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