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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2008201520132009
Current release3.11.6, February 20201.8.0, April 202010.4.12, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data and Stringsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlyHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMariaDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
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Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
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MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDBMariaDB
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