DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score110.93
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.11
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score43.24
Rank#23  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release200820152008
Current release3.11.10 , February 20212.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnooptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableHBase
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Apple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Apache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableHBase
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Why is Hadoop not listed in the DB-Engines Ranking?
13 May 2013, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

DataStax Expands Cassandra Support for Kubernetes Distros
4 May 2021, Container Journal

Cassandra Database Administrator - FARFETCH job with FARFETCH Group | 162240
20 April 2021, The Business of Fashion

K8ssandra now runs on ‘any’ Kubernetes
5 May 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Yugabyte Releases Database on Kubernetes Clusters
7 May 2021, Container Journal

DataStax K8ssandra now available on any Kubernetes environment
5 May 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

Google launches new Cloud region in Warsaw
14 April 2021, Information Age

Papa John's meets digital demand surge with Google Cloud
23 April 2021, Chain Store Age

Papa John’s embarks on ‘multi-phase’ move to Google Cloud
27 April 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Pizza delivery firm Papa John's commits to using more of Google's cloud
23 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Papa John's partners with Google Cloud to migrate data centers to cloud
23 April 2021, Pizza Marketplace

provided by Google News

Global Key-Value Stores Market Top Manufacturers Analysis by 2026: Redis, Azure Redis Cache, ArangoDB, Hbase, Google Cloud Datastore etc. – SoccerNurds
4 May 2021, SoccerNurds

Top 50 Hive Interview Questions For 2021
4 May 2021, News Anyway

The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase™
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

Cloudera adds operational database to cloud service
17 September 2020, ZDNet

HBase vs Cassandra: Which is The Best NoSQL Database
20 January 2020, Appinventiv

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
Olo, New York, NY

Cassandra Database Engineer
BAE Systems, Annapolis Junction, MD

Database Administration Consultant
Dell Technologies, Texas

Database Administrator - DBA
iSpeech, Newark, NJ

Database Administrator
PMG Global, Herndon, VA

Data Engineer - Freemium (Remote Eligible - US)
Spotify, New York, NY

Data Scientist
Valkyrie Intelligence, Austin, TX

Research Analyst, Ad Traffic Quality
Google, Sunnyvale, CA

Google Cloud Architect
TSPL, Dearborn, MI

Software Engineer II
Five9, Inc., San Ramon, CA

Hadoop Developers
Coso IT, Remote

Hortonworks Administrator
nFolks Data Solutions, Austin, TX

Senior Reporting Analyst - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Santa Ana, CA

Data Quality Engineer
Hagerty, Remote

Information Technology Director I, SITLA
State of Utah, Salt Lake County, UT

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here