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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. InfluxDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. InfluxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformDBMS for storing time series, events and metrics
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeDocument storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score5.36
Rank#68  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overview
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogleGoogle
Initial release2008201520082013
Current release3.11.7, July 20201.8.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGo
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes, details hereNumeric data and Strings
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonousing Google App Engineno
TriggersyesnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingSharding infoin enterprise version only
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication using Paxosselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operationsACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactionsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud DatastoreInfluxDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud DatastoreInfluxDB
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