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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Firebird vs. Rockset vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Firebird vs. Rockset vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDBDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.12
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score25.37
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#220  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score2.10
Rank#134  Overall
#66  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.firebirdsql.orgrockset.comwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.rockset.comdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFirebird FoundationRocksetVoltDB Inc.
Initial release20082000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20192010
Current release4.0.7, October 20224.0.2, August 202211.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicensecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++Java, C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesdynamic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesRead-only SQL queries, including JOINsyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP RESTJava API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPSQLnoJava
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"noneAutomatic shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDnoACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset consoleUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraFirebirdRocksetVoltDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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