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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Our visitors often compare Cassandra and Firebase Realtime Database with MySQL, MongoDB and Amazon DynamoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.61
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score11.00
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release20082012
Current release3.11.4, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraFirebase Realtime Database
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraFirebase Realtime Database
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate, Apache Cassandra Conference
National Harbor, Maryland, USA, 21-23 May 2019

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Chooses DataStax for 'Database-as-a-Service' Offering
22 April 2019, Virtualization Review

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15 April 2019, Business Wire

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16 January 2019, TechTarget

On the verge of Next '19, Google must double down on cloud applications
1 April 2019, SiliconANGLE News

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
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Firebase for Startups: A Must-Have or Non-Essential
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