DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Fauna vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Fauna vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.57
Rank#136  Overall
#22  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#67  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgfauna.comwww.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.fauna.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFauna, Inc.MongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2008201420091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.0.1, September 20215.0, July 202114.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaScalaC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIproprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectIdentity management, authentication, and access controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraFaunaMongoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more
Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraFaunaMongoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Recent citations in the news

Apache Cassandra Gets Its Day In the Sun
20 September 2021, CIO

Working with Azure Managed Instance for Cassandra
22 September 2021, InfoWorld

Now with a Single GraphQL API Call, Developers Can Query Multiple Relational and NoSQL Databases
5 October 2021, Business Wire

Instaclustr Announces General Availability of Fully Managed Apache Cassandra 4.0
21 September 2021, AiThority

Cloud-based Database Market Next Big Thing | Major Giants- Teradata, MongoDB, Cassandra
12 October 2021, Digital Journal

provided by Google News

Fauna CEO says cloud APIs help developers build apps without a database
9 May 2021, VentureBeat

Fauna adds geo-isolation to globally distributed database cloud
7 July 2021, ZDNet

Fauna Introduces Fauna Labs to Help Developers Adopt Database Service
3 July 2021, InfoQ.com

Assam govt schools to record flora, fauna for biodiversity study
8 October 2021, Times of India

How Fauna Delivers Data-as-Utility in a Serverless World | eWEEK
23 April 2021, eWeek

provided by Google News

How to Create Documents in MongoDB
13 October 2021, MakeUseOf

How MongoDB Beat Amazon
8 October 2021, The Motley Fool

Growth Stocks To Watch: Tech Stock MongoDB Offers Alternative Entry; Is It A Buy?
14 October 2021, Investor's Business Daily

Why MongoDB Stock Is Falling Today
4 October 2021, Motley Fool

Here's How MongoDB Shares Gained 20% Last Month
6 October 2021, Motley Fool

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

Postgresql 14 Is Now Available, Check The New Features
6 October 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator with (2+ years Cassandra Experience)
Arthur Grand Technologies Inc, Westerville, OH

Principal Database Engineer- MySQL and Cassandra
LivePerson, Washington State

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra
Akamai, Cambridge, MA

Cassandra Database Engineer
CyberCore Technologies, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Database Architect for Qualys / Carbon Black
Cyber Security Innovations, New Carrollton, MD

Supervisory Fish Biologist
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Reno, NV

Lead Field Zoologist
Virginia Dept of Conservation & Recreation, Richmond, VA

ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALIST III - POSITION #55010923
The State of Florida, Fort Lauderdale, FL

Fisheries Biologist III - Data Analysis Unit
Lynker Technologies LLC, United States

Field Cave and Karst Scientist
Virginia Dept of Conservation & Recreation, Blacksburg, VA

MongoDB _ Remote (Till Covid)
Teksky, United States

MongoDB Admin
OKAY INTERNATIONAL, St. Louis, MO

Backend Developer (Python/MongoDB)
Irisidea TechSolutions Pvt Ltd, Remote

Full Stack Developer with MongoDB and Ruby experience (20 hours/week)
The Drone Racing League, Remote

MongoDB
State Tech, Remote

Entry-Level Software Engineer
Ingenia Services, Inc., Remote

Support Engineer - MySQL/PostgreSQL/MariaDB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Remote Back-end Engineer (PostgreSQL, GraphQL, and Node)
Turing.Com, United States

PostgreSQL DBA/DevOps - Remote
Aspect Software Inc, Remote

Python Developer
Floracracy, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here