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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.00
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#21  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#62  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score17.23
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgfauna.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.fauna.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFauna, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release200820142012
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionslimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectIdentity management, authentication, and access controlyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraFaunaFirebase Realtime Database
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Serverless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Javascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
ShiftX
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Usage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraFaunaFirebase Realtime Database
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