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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.85
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.25
Rank#273  Overall
#125  Relational DBMS
Score53.44
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1.63
Rank#127  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.92
Rank#179  Overall
#90  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgesgyn.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestesgyn.com/­developershelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookEsgynSAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20082015201020102017
Current release3.11.10 , February 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 20202.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++, JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyesMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEsgynDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraEsgynDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
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