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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph database
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.71
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.17
Rank#263  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score27.89
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgesgyn.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestesgyn.com/­developersdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookEsgynMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2008201520102007
Current release3.11.5, October 2019V123.5.8, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJavaC++, JavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyesno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication between multi datacentersyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEsgynDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4j
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Capabilities for Operational/Transactional Workloads Deep Integration with HBase...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
EsgynDB is ideally suited to supporting Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Ideally suited to scenarios where high speed continuous data ingestion is required...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
EsgynDB's customers are worldwide, with several in the Global Fortune 500, including...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
EsgynDB Enterprise Edition is the commercially supported version of Apache Trafodion...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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