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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. HyperSQL vs. NSDb vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. HyperSQL vs. NSDb vs. Weaviate

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score5.53
Rank#71  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#36  Time Series DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#296  Overall
#16  Search engines
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.esgyn.cnhsqldb.orgnsdb.iogithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlnsdb.io/­Architecturewww.semi.technology/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookEsgynSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release20082015200120172017
Current release4.0.1, September 20212.6.1, October 20211.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC++, JavaJavaJava, ScalaGo
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesyesSQL-like query languageGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresJava, SQLnono
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication between multi datacentersnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEsgynDBHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBNSDbWeaviate
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
News

Weaviate in IEEE

Weaviate on DB-engines.com

Introduction & Demo video

FLOSS Weekly Podcast

FOSDEM 2020 video

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraEsgynDBHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBNSDbWeaviate
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