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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.20
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.24
Rank#278  Overall
#129  Relational DBMS
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.esgyn.cnwww.foundationdb.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookEsgynFoundationDB
Initial release200820152013
Current release4.0.1, September 20216.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC++, JavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yessupported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresin SQL-layer only
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEsgynDBFoundationDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraEsgynDBFoundationDB
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Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
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Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
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