DB-EngineseXtremeDB high availability featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsMicrosofts relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelWide column storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.84
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score7.66
Rank#54  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score1038.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.47
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.17
Rank#286  Overall
#25  Graph DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.ehcache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.ehcache.org/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release20082009198920102009
Current release3.11.8, August 20203.8.1, September 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JCacheADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoby using Terracotta Servertables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes infoby using Terracotta Serveryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Tunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEhcacheMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraEhcacheMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

DataStax optimizes Cassandra for Kubernetes with K8ssandra
18 November 2020, TechTarget

Open source freedom on overdrive--via the cloud?
20 November 2020, TechRepublic

Stargate: A new way to think about databases
10 November 2020, Reseller News

Five Signs You Have Outgrown Cassandra – White Paper
18 November 2020, ITPro Today

Manetu Selects YugabyteDB to Power Its Data Privacy Management Platform
3 December 2020, StreetInsider.com

provided by Google News

Ehcache 3.0 Released with Revamped API and Off-Heap Storage
2 May 2016, InfoQ.com

Memcached surpasses EhCache and Coherence in Java Job Demand
13 September 2011, InfoQ.com

Open source Java caching vendors merge
20 August 2009, InfoWorld

Hazelcast open source in-memory data grid secures $21.5 million funding, expands platform to real-time streaming...
20 June 2019, ZDNet

Setting Up Distributed Infinispan Cache with Hibernate and Spring
26 May 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

AWS goes after Microsoft’s SQL Server with Babelfish for Aurora PostgreSQL
1 December 2020, TechCrunch

Recover From Ransomware Attacks With Recovery Toolbox for SQL Server
4 December 2020, Ubergizmo

SQL Server login – default database and failed logins from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
30 November 2020, Packt Hub

Would You Pass the SQL Server Certifications Please? What Do You Mean We’re Out? from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
2 December 2020, Packt Hub

5 Things You Should Know About Azure SQL from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
4 December 2020, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Gremlin, a Language for Working with Graphs
15 January 2010, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

VP Engineering
HASH, Remote

Engineering Lead
HASH, Remote

Director, Data Architecture
Liberty Mutual Insurance, Remote

Database Administrator
Ramsey Solutions, Franklin, TN

COVID-19 Business Intelligence Data Specialist (DM Journey) DOH5143
State of Washington Dept. of Health, Tumwater, WA

Java Developers
Nithya Information Systems, Ann Arbor, MI

Systems Specialist
otisitinc, Greenville, DE

Sr. Java Engineer
Tesla, Fremont, CA

Software Engineer
GlobalTechApps, Greenville, DE

Full-Stack Software Engineer
Viant, Irvine, CA

Entry-Level Programmer, 100% Remote
Infinity Software Development, Inc, United States

SQL Server DBA
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

SQL Server DBA (Remote Opportunity)
Navisite, Andover, MA

SQL Server DBA
Guardian Life Insurance Company, Holmdel, NJ

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here