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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.40
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#113  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#55  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2008200020072014
Current release3.11.7, July 2020GridGain 8.5.1
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)user defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes (cache interceptors and events)no infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes (replicated cache)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEXASOLGridGainSnowflake
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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CassandraEXASOLGridGainSnowflake
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