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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. GridGain vs. SAP IQ vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score121.09
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.16
Rank#116  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score4.93
Rank#70  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.gridgain.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourceswww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latesthelp.sap.com/­iqdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookExasolGridGain Systems, Inc.SAP, formerly SybaseSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20082000200719942014
Current release3.11.6, February 2020GridGain 8.5.116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yesuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes (cache interceptors and events)yesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes (replicated cache)SAP/Sybase Replication Serveryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoHadoop integrationyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEXASOLGridGainSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSnowflake
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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