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DBMS > Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Snowflake vs. TerarkDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score121.09
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.09
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score7.83
Rank#49  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score2.73
Rank#101  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#309  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.exasol.com/­en/­productsfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookExasolGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.Terark
Initial release20082000201720142016
Current release3.11.6, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yesnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Lua
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functionsno
Triggersyesyesyes, with Cloud Functionsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoHadoop integrationUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraEXASOLGoogle Cloud FirestoreSnowflakeTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
CassandraEXASOLGoogle Cloud FirestoreSnowflakeTerarkDB
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