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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. Milvus vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. Milvus vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score1.71
Rank#137  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdgraph.iomilvus.iowww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2008201620191998
Current release4.0.4, May 20222.0, January 202211 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, Go
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoPL/SQL
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDgraphMilvusTimesTen
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
As of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
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