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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. InfinityDB vs. MaxDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. InfinityDB vs. MaxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutions
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.15
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#355  Overall
#55  Key-value stores
Score3.78
Rank#92  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdgraph.ioboilerbay.commaxdb.sap.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualmaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.Boiler Bay Inc.SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release2008201620021984
Current release4.0.5, July 20224.07.9.10 (January 2020), 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaGoJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesno infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Access via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via RaftnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDgraphInfinityDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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