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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#279  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#271  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnmilvus.io
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.Esgyn
Initial release2008201620152019
Current release4.0.1, September 20211.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, JavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacenters
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBMilvus
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBMilvus
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