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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Machbase vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Machbase vs. Milvus

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSMultivalue DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#331  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#257  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.machbase.commilvus.io
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsendoc.machbase.commilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynMachbase
Initial release20082016201520132019
Current release4.0.1, September 2021V6.5, August 20211.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, JavaCC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Proceduresnono
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infovolatile and lookup tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple password-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMilvus
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Machbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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Fastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Distributed Query In Machbase Cluster Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Machbase has over 50 customers, including Samsung, POSCO, and Hyundai.
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Real-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Machbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more

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3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMilvus
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