DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.99
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#130  Overall
#21  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#64  Relational DBMS
Score2.66
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irispingcap.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynInterSystemsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20082016201520182016
Current release4.0, July 20212021.1, June 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesdepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Proceduresyesno
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersSource-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBInterSystems IRISTiDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

PingCAP Announces Collaboration with the Advanced Software Technologies Lab at ETH Zürich to Explore DBMS Testing
20 September 2021

Getting Started with JuiceFS Using TiKV
17 September 2021

How to Run Chaos Experiments on Your Physical Machine
14 September 2021

Easy Local Development with TiDB
7 September 2021

TiDB 5.2 - Translytical Processing Made Easier and Faster
1 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraDgraphEsgynDBInterSystems IRISTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Apache Cassandra Gets Its Day In the Sun
20 September 2021, CIO

Working with Azure Managed Instance for Cassandra
22 September 2021, InfoWorld

Instaclustr Announces General Availability of Fully Managed Apache Cassandra 4.0
21 September 2021, GlobeNewswire

DataStax Delivers the First Serverless Database Available for Production in Multiple Regions and Multiple Clouds
14 September 2021, The Bakersfield Californian

DataStax Adds Multi-Region Flexibility to Its Serverless Cloud Database
15 September 2021, Cloud Wars

provided by Google News

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

Dgraph raises $3M for its open-source distributed graph database, hits 1.0 release
19 December 2017, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Esgyn Corporation and Ampool Partner to Bring In-Memory Optimized Operational, Transactional and Real-Time Analytics to Hadoop.
18 May 2017, PR Newswire

Esgyn Corporation and Zaloni Partner to Make Data Lakes More Powerful and Deliver Benefits Faster!
2 December 2017, Korea IT Times

Mphasis partners with Esgyn Corporation to optimize Open-Source frameworks and expand industry footprint
24 May 2019, PRNewswire

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® Trafodion™
10 January 2018, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

InterSystems announces IRIS FHIR Accelerator Service
23 September 2021, Healthcare IT News

InterSystems IRIS® FHIR® Accelerator Service Enables Easy Retrieval and Storage of Healthcare Data
20 September 2021, Business Wire

InterSystems IRIS FHIR accelerator service enables easy retrieval and storage of healthcare data
21 September 2021, DOTmed HealthCare Business News

InterSystems and Unqork Partner to Accelerate Innovation and Unlock Business Value for Financial Services Customers
27 August 2021, Business Wire

Latest Release of InterSystems IRIS Data Platform Provides Next Step in Data Fabric Adoption
17 June 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Database Administrator - Cassandra / DataStax
Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI

Database Administrator (Cassandra DBA)
TechNet Inc., Remote

Staff Database Engineer
Visa, Austin, TX

Database Administrator, Associate
BlackRock, Atlanta, GA

Database Administrator (DBA)
Maximo Global Tech, Remote

Machine Learning/NLP Engineer
NN Tech, LLC, New York, NY

NLP Ontology Engineer
Sorcero, Washington, DC

Machine Learning/NLP Engineer
NN Tech, LLC, Remote

Data Engineer
Sorcero, Washington, DC

Data Engineer
NN Tech, LLC, Remote

Manager, Solution Architecture - Project Omnia
Deloitte, Wilton, CA

REMOTE Software Developer - InterSystems IRIS
Ellumen, Silver Spring, MD

Solutions Development Program
InterSystems, Cambridge, MA

Senior Server Engineer (AIX)
Sonic Healthcare USA, Inc, Austin, TX

HealthConnect Administrator (Remote Opportunity)
VetsEZ, Houston, TX

Cache Administrator (Remote Opportunity)
VetsEZ, Washington, DC

Software Engineer
PingCAP, Remote

Recruiter
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

Field Marketing Specialist——Remote
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

Software Engineer, Storage and Caching
Pinterest, San Francisco, CA

Business Pricing Strategy Manager- Remote
PingCAP, San Mateo, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here