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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Datomic vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Datomic vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.DBMS for storing time series, events and metrics
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSWide column storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.66
Rank#103  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.datomic.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overview
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.datomic.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCognitectGoogle
Initial release2008201220152013
Current release3.11.6, February 20200.9.5951, July 20191.8.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava, ClojureGo
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoNumeric data and Strings
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction Functionsnono
TriggersyesBy using transaction functionsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"none infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingSharding infoin enterprise version only
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentnoyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDatomicGoogle Cloud BigtableInfluxDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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