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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Datastax Enterprise vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Datastax Enterprise vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDatastax Enterprise  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDataStax Enterprise (DSE) is the always-on, scalable data platform built on Apache Cassandra and designed for hybrid Cloud. DSE integrates graph, search, analytics, administration, developer tooling, and monitoring into a unified platform.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score9.13
Rank#51  Overall
#4  Wide column stores
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.datastax.com/­products/­datastax-enterprisecloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.datastax.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDataStaxGoogle
Initial release200820112015
Current release4.0.1, September 20216.8, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL); Spark SQLno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language)
TinkerPop Gremlin infowith DSE Graph
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleconfigurable replication factor, datacenter aware, advanced replication for edge computingInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Tunable Consistency infoconsistency level can be individually decided with each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraDatastax EnterpriseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
DataStax Enterprise is scale-out data infrastructure for enterprises that need to...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Supporting the following application requirements: Zero downtime - Built on Apache...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Applications that must be massively and linearly scalable with 100% uptime and able...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Capital One, Cisco, Comcast, eBay, McDonald's, Microsoft, Safeway, Sony, UBS, and...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Among the Forbes 100 Most Innovative Companies, DataStax is trusted by 5 of the top...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Annual subscription
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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More resources
CassandraDatastax EnterpriseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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