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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Milvus vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Milvus vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Multivalue DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.28
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.92
Rank#180  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score0.28
Rank#271  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.96
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcrate.iomilvus.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcrate.io/­docsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCrateTimescale
Initial release2008201320192017
Current release4.0.1, September 20211.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factorSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectrights management via user accountsnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCrateDBMilvusTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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More resources
CassandraCrateDBMilvusTimescaleDB
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