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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. CrateDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonInfobright  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed Date Store based on LuceneA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricHigh performant column-oriented DBMS for analytic workloads using MySQL or PostgreSQL as a frontendDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Search engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.01
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.97
Rank#178  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score1.02
Rank#173  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Score85.33
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcrate.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchignitetech.com/­softwarelibrary/­infobrightdbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcrate.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCrateElasticIgnite Technologies Inc.; formerly InfoBright Inc.Microsoft
Initial release20082013201020052010
Current release4.0.4, May 20227.8.0, June 2020V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial infoThe open source (GPLv2) version did not support inserts/updates/deletes and was discontinued with July 2016commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaCC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedno infoKnowledge Grid Technology used insteadyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes, but no triggers and constraintsSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesnoTransact SQL
Triggersyesnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factoryesSource-replica replicationyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard infoexploiting MySQL or PostgreSQL frontend capabilitiesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCrateDBElasticsearchInfobrightMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
CrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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CrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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CrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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CrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
The CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
CrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
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