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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.71
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score0.04
Rank#322  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikidocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.OpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2008201120142004
Current release3.11.5, October 2019Server: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsHTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
JavaJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptnoyes
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle-document ACID transactionsnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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