DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Elasticsearch vs. MongoDB vs. Redis

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeSearch engineDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Document store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score110.93
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score30.23
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score155.35
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score481.01
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score162.17
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.mongodb.comredis.io
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.ElasticMongoDB, IncSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release20082011201020092009
Current release3.11.10 , February 2021Server: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20197.8.0, June 20204.4.5, April 20216.2.1 , March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksElasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangJavaC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialpartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.SQL-like query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol using JSONproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyesJavaScriptLua
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno infopublish/subscribe channels provide limited trigger functionality
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDnoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptionalyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsMemcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users and rolesSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchMongoDBRedis
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Elasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Open source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Enterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Thousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Public as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Elastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more
Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Datadog: Visualize all your MongoDB metrics.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Redis Enterprise Cloud: Try with 400$ usage credit.
» more

Datadog: Monitor all Redis metrics: hit rates, clients, commands per second, and more.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseElasticsearchMongoDBRedis
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

MongoDB is the DBMS of the year, defending the title from last year
7 January 2015, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

MongoDB, Back to Basics
Webinar Recording, 27 April 2021 - 27 May 2021

Recent citations in the news

DataStax Expands Cassandra Support for Kubernetes Distros
4 May 2021, Container Journal

Change Data Capture for Distributed Databases @Netflix
9 May 2021, InfoQ.com

Cassandra Database Administrator - FARFETCH job with FARFETCH Group | 162240
20 April 2021, The Business of Fashion

K8ssandra now runs on ‘any’ Kubernetes
5 May 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Cloud-based Database Market Elite Players 2021 – Amazon Web Services, Rackspace Hosting, Teradata, Oracle, MongoDB, Cassandra – The Shotcaller
11 May 2021, The Shotcaller

provided by Google News

Couchbase Details Its Distributed ACID Transaction Architecture
14 April 2021, InfoQ.com

RavenDB outperforms Couchbase, saving 85% of storage budget
14 April 2021, TechGenix

Couchbase’s Kumar: In search of the K-shaped silver bullet
26 April 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Document Databases Market Analysis by Recent Developments and Overview Outlook – 2027: Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon, MarkLogic – The Shotcaller
8 May 2021, The Shotcaller

Cloud-based Database Market Share 2020 With Top Manufacturers: Oracle, SAP, MongoDB, Couchbase, Microsoft, Alibaba – Test & Measurement
12 May 2021, Test & Measurement

provided by Google News

Log management tools add finesse to Elasticsearch
12 May 2021, CTOvision

Converging Technologies Driving Billion-scale Elasticsearch
12 May 2021, CTOvision

Logit.io Announce Platform Support For Open Distro For Elasticsearch
21 April 2021, Container Journal

Amazon Updates Its Elasticsearch Service, Begins Embrace of New Fork
28 April 2021, InfoQ.com

Amazon Forks Elasticsearch Rebranding It as OpenSearch
19 April 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

MongoDB - Consensus Indicates Potential 49.8% Upside
13 May 2021, DirectorsTalk Interviews

Here's How MongoDB Shares Gained 11% in April
6 May 2021, Motley Fool

Shareholders Are Raving About How The MongoDB (NASDAQ:MDB) Share Price Increased 560%
6 May 2021, Yahoo Finance

JFrog Reminds Me Of MongoDB
11 May 2021, Seeking Alpha

Mongita Embedded MongoDB Alternative Announced
29 April 2021, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Redis Labs unveils Redis Database 7.0
20 April 2021, ZDNet

Redis database gets strong consistency, AI inferencing and global speed – Blocks and Files
21 April 2021, Blocks and Files

Redis Offers Cloud Database Through AWS Marketplace, Supports Google Anthos GKE
26 April 2021, CRN

Redis Labs previews future database and caching features
22 April 2021, TechTarget

Redis Labs Launches Redis Database 7.0
21 April 2021, EnterpriseTalk

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cassandra Database Administrator
C2S Technologies, Seattle, WA

Database Administrator
NuVasive, Inc., San Diego, CA

Database Administrator
Halo Health, Remote

Database Administration Consultant
Dell Technologies, Texas

Cassandra Database Engineer
BAE Systems, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Engineer, Couchbase Lite
Couchbase, Santa Clara, CA

Enterprise Account Executive
Couchbase, Chicago, IL

Enterprise Sales Representative
Couchbase, Seattle, WA

Information Security and Compliance Analyst
Couchbase, Remote

Sales Development Representative - Austin
Couchbase, Austin, TX

Elastic Admin
Intone Networks, Remote

Elasticsearch Engineer- W2 contract-remote
Avanade, Philadelphia, PA

Data Engineer
RE/MAX, LLC, Remote

QA Engineer
IFM Restoration, Austin, TX

Software Engineer (ElasticSearch)
ZAGENO Inc, Cambridge, MA

MongoDB DBA
Intone Networks, Remote

MongoDB
State Tech, Remote

Sr. Java Developer (MongoDB)
V Projects, Remote

Database Administrator with MongoDB--100% Remote Position
Pentrogon security, Remote

Java/J2EE Developer with Mongodb
infolob, Austin, TX

Recruiting Coordinator
Redis Labs, Remote

Redis Database Administrator | Remote
iknowvate technologies, Bellevue, WA

Redis Engineer
TriOpz, Sunnyvale, CA

Mid Level PostgreSQL Database Administrator
XTIVIA, Inc., Remote

Database Engineer
Apptegy, Little Rock, AR

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here