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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. MarkLogic vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. MarkLogic vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.84
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score16.85
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score10.94
Rank#42  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score3.52
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcouchdb.apache.orgwww.marklogic.compouchdb.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.marklogic.compouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMarkLogic Corp.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release2008200520012012
Current release3.11.8, August 20203.0, February 20209.0, 20177.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaErlangC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MarkLogicPouchDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
CassandraCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MarkLogicPouchDB
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