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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. InfluxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.DBMS for storing time series, events and metrics
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeWide column storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.39
Rank#89  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score22.88
Rank#29  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcouchdb.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overview
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle
Initial release2008200520152013
Current release3.11.6, February 20203.0, February 20201.8.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlangGo
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoNumeric data and Strings
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes infovia viewsnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)nonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptnono
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding infoin enterprise version only
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Google Cloud BigtableInfluxDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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