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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.12
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score28.62
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.98
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score6.88
Rank#64  Overall
#8  Search engines
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgsphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablesphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release2008201120052001
Current release4.0.7, October 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20213.2.2, April 20223.4.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infovia viewsyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Sphinx
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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