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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. InterSystems Caché

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. InterSystems Caché

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A multi-model DBMS and application server
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.65
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score26.71
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.52
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score2.91
Rank#110  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#57  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cache
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.intersystems.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerInterSystems
Initial release2008201120051997
Current release4.0.7, October 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20213.2.2, April 20222018.1.4, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
Implementation languageJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangErlang
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes
Triggersyesyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"ShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"InterSystems Caché
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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