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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CockroachDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. CockroachDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Time Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.18
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.58
Rank#68  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#340  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#219  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.cockroachlabs.comopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikirdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCockroach LabsOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2008201520142004
Current release3.11.8, August 202019.2.6, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.
Implementation languageJavaGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemaschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnono
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBCHTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
JavaJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication using RAFTselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraCockroachDBNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
CockroachDB is a Distributed SQL database architected for modern cloud applications....
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
System of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Comcast, LUSH, Bose, Kindred, Nubank, Baidu, SpaceX, TuneGO, eBay, DoorDash, Norfolk...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
8K+ long-running clusters 600+ CockroachDB Enterprise clusters 120+ CockroachCloud...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more

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CassandraCockroachDBNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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