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DBMS > Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score119.84
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score5.92
Rank#61  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitecassandra.apache.orgclickhouse.techpingcap.com
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestclickhouse.tech/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookYandex LLCPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200820162016
Current release3.11.7, July 2020v20.3.15.133, July 20204.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Close to ANSI SQLyes
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraClickHouseTiDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

TiDB 4.0: An Elastic, Real-Time HTAP Database Ready for the Cloud
6 August 2020

Create a Scale-Out Hive Cluster with a Distributed, MySQL-Compatible Database
4 August 2020

Heterogeneous Database Replication to TiDB
30 July 2020

Announcing Chaos Mesh® as a CNCF Sandbox Project
28 July 2020

How TiDB's HTAP Makes Truly Hybrid Workloads Possible
16 July 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraClickHouseTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

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21 July 2020, Computer Business Review

Apache Cassandra 4.0 Now in Beta -- ADTmag
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27 July 2020, DevOps.com

Apache Cassandra’s road to the cloud
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ClickHouse Experiencing Explosive Growth in EU, US and Asia in Q1 2018
23 April 2018, PR Newswire

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31 October 2019, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

PingCAP launches TiDB Cloud, a fully-managed database as a service offering
25 June 2020, Help Net Security

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

TiDB open sources its MySQL/MariaDB compatible data migration (DM) tool
22 January 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

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