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DBMS > Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score118.75
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score7.17
Rank#55  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score4.06
Rank#82  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgclickhouse.techcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestclickhouse.tech/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookYandex LLCGoogle
Initial release200820162015
Current release3.11.8, August 2020v20.11.2.1-stable, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Close to ANSI SQLno
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Scala info3rd party library
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsnoAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraClickHouseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraClickHouseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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Recent citations in the news

How to install the Apache Cassandra NoSQL database server on Ubuntu 20.04
5 November 2020, TechRepublic

DataStax Expands Cassandra Support for Kubernetes
18 November 2020, Container Journal

Moving to cloud-native applications and data with Kubernetes and Apache Cassandra
4 November 2020, JAXenter

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9 November 2020, Reseller News

news digest: Scrum Guide update, Aerospike adds expressions for NoSQL Database 5, and DataStax released K8ssandra - SD Times
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From Russia with OLAP: Percona uses ClickHouse analytics
10 October 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

ClickHouse - from website clicks to ultra-fast analytics solution -
27 April 2020, Enterprise Times

Machine Learning Capabilities Come to the Majority of Open Source Databases with MindsDB AI-Tables
20 October 2020, PR Web

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Google Cloud makes it cheaper to run smaller workloads on Bigtable
7 April 2020, TechCrunch

Review: Google Bigtable scales with ease
7 September 2016, InfoWorld

Google Cloud Bigtable Replication Out of Beta After Just One Month
14 May 2019, Computer Business Review

Google Expands Cloud BigTable Replication Capabilities Globally in Beta
20 March 2019, InfoQ.com

Google Launches Cloud Bigtable, A Highly Scalable And Performant NoSQL Database
6 May 2015, TechCrunch

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