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DBMS > Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. ClickHouse vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessColumn-oriented Relational DBMS powering YandexGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.89
Rank#75  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgclickhouse.techcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestclickhouse.tech/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookYandex LLCGoogle
Initial release200820162015
Current release3.11.6, February 2020v19.13.3.26, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraClickHouseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraClickHouseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate
San Diego, California, USA, 11-13 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

DataStax Opens Registration for World's Largest Apache Cassandra™ NoSQL Event
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ClickHouse Experiencing Explosive Growth in EU, US and Asia in Q1 2018
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1 October 2019, GlobeNewswire

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How Spotify ran the largest Google Dataflow job ever for Wrapped 2019
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InfluxDB goes live on Google Cloud
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New Google Cloud Config Connector Treats Cloud Services Like Kubernetes Resources
9 February 2020, InfoQ.com

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14 May 2019, Computer Business Review

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