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DBMS > Cassandra vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Cassandra vs. HBase

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Our visitors often compare Cassandra and HBase with MongoDB, Google Cloud Bigtable and Hive.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelWide column storeWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score114.85
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score44.16
Rank#23  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orghbase.apache.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latesthbase.apache.org
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release20082008
Current release3.11.10 , February 20212.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
CassandraHBase
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Apple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
Apache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Related products and services
3rd partiesInstaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CassandraHBase
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Recent citations in the news

Need a Scale-Out Database? – Gigaom
26 March 2021, Gigaom

DataStax Unveils Zero-Downtime Cloud Migration Tool to Move Workloads from Apache Cassandra to DataStax Astra
31 March 2021, Business Wire

Database Market Global Analysis 2021-2028: Rackspace Hosting, Oracle, Cassandra, Tencent, Google, MongoDB, Teradata, Microsoft, Salesforce, Alibaba, etc. – SoccerNurds
11 April 2021, SoccerNurds

Global Cloud-based Database Market 2021 Future Growth – Amazon Web Services, Cassandra, Microsoft, Google
8 April 2021, The Courier

Global Cloud-based Database Market 2020-2025: Amazon Web Services, MongoDB, Google, Microsoft, Oracle, IBM, Cassandra, Rackspace Hosting, Couchbase, Salesforce, SAP, Tencent, Alibaba, Teradata – SoccerNurds
12 April 2021, SoccerNurds

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The Apache Software Foundation Announces the 10th Anniversary of Apache® HBase™
13 May 2020, GlobeNewswire

Global Key-Value Stores Market Qualitative Report Focusing on Leading Players Forecast 2020-2026 – FLA News
22 March 2021, FLA News

Cloudera adds operational database to cloud service
17 September 2020, ZDNet

Global Key-Value Stores Market Competition Landscape and Recent Development: Redis, Azure Redis Cache, ArangoDB, Hbase, Google Cloud Datastore etc. – Jumbo News
20 March 2021, Jumbo News

HBase vs Cassandra: Which is The Best NoSQL Database
20 January 2020, Appinventiv

provided by Google News

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