DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > BoltDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison BoltDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embedded key-value store for Go.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#226  Overall
#34  Key-value stores
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­boltdb/­boltwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.OracleSAP
Initial release20131989200719802010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.3.3, August 202119c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoC++Java, ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGoC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes using Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
BoltDBMicrosoft SQL ServerNeo4jOracleSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – GraphXR, CARD, Relational vs. Graph, Azure Functions, Neo4j Spring Data 6, Load JSON, Videos Galore
18 September 2021

#GraphCast: 8 Tips to Decide If Knowledge Graph Is Right for You
17 September 2021

Nominate Your Fave Graph Superstar for a Graphie Award
13 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Power BI, Mobile Recommendations, Policy Base Service Authorization, Graph Algorithms Book Review, Training Week, Knowledge Graph Browser
11 September 2021

Knowledge Graphs: Data in Context for Responsive Businesses [New Book]
7 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BoltDBMicrosoft SQL ServerNeo4jOracleSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Key Value Databases Market Research, Growth Opportunities, Analysis and Forecasts Report 2021-2026|Covid-19 Recovery
15 September 2021, Northwest Diamond Notes

Key Value Databases Market Share 2021 Strategies to Boost Growth, Development, M
14 September 2021, openPR

Gartner Names Demisto 'Cool Vendor' in Security Ops & Vulnerability Mgt
15 May 2018, 107.180.56.147

Key Value Database Market Global SWOT Analysis 2021-2028 – The Apache Software Foundation, Memcached, Redis Labs, Couchbase, Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Aerospike – Tactical Market
19 September 2021, Tactical Market

provided by Google News

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

How to Exploit SQL Server Using OLE Automation
6 September 2021, Security Boulevard

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

Why Activity Monitor May Be Hurting Your SQL Server's Performance
25 August 2021, Redmondmag.com

How to Exploit SQL Server Using Registry Keys
7 September 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Levi Strauss & Co., Sainsbury's, The Orchard, And More Harness Neo4j Aura On AWS
24 August 2021, PRNewswire

NASA, The German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), TCS, and More Use Neo4j Knowledge Graphs for Next-Level Digital Transformation
8 September 2021, PRNewswire

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

Graph databases must meet developers and business analysts on their own turf
25 August 2021, ZDNet

Neo4j raises Neo$325M as graph-based data analysis takes hold in enterprise
17 June 2021, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Adenza Chooses Oracle Autonomous Database to Expand its Multi-Cloud Risk Analytics Services
16 September 2021, inForney.com

Database Wars: Oracle Attacks Amazon with High-Speed Upgrade
16 September 2021, Cloud Wars

Oracle (ORCL) Q1 2022 Earnings Call Transcript
17 September 2021, The Motley Fool

Oracle Database Administration II 1Z0-083 Dumps - Tips To Pass
23 August 2021, The African Exponent

Oracle GoldenGate for Cloud services
23 August 2021, CIOReview

provided by Google News

Power Partnerships and Tech For Good IBM Power Systems & SAP HANA
17 September 2021, BBN Times

SAP HANA SECURITY Solution Acquired by XYPRO
1 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

ReleaseOwl announces native Infrastructure Monitor for SAP HANA hosted on AWS and Azure
9 September 2021, EIN News

XYPRO Acquires SAP HANA SECURITY Solution from Hewlett Packard Enterprise
31 August 2021, PR Web

SAP S/4 Hana Adoption Rebounds After COVID-19 Slump
15 September 2021, e3zine.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Engineering Manager, Data Product Development
Visa, Austin, TX

9122- Senior Software Architect
IndraSoft, Inc., Charlottesville, VA

Senior Software Architect
Indrasoft, Charlottesville, VA

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Chicago, IL

Microsoft SQL Server Database Administrator II - Remote
Everi Games Inc, Las Vegas, NV

SQL Server Developer - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Edina, MN

SQL Developer
Health Advocate, Remote

SQL Server Database Administrators
Ziras Technologies, Newark, DE

Developer Relations Director
Neo4j, United States

Junior Full Stack Developer
BAE Systems, Washington, DC

Senior Software Engineer, AuthServices
Netflix, Los Gatos, CA

Data Scientist I - PEDSnet
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Neo4j Technical Product Marketing (Remote)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Oracle Database Developer
SOSi, El Paso, TX

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
Prudential, Newark, NJ

Database Engineer I/II
Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax County, VA

Oracle Database Administrator
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Jersey City, NJ

Oracle DBA
Kani Solutions Inc., Tampa, FL

SAP HANA Native Consultant
Fisec Gobal, Baltimore, MD

SAP HANA Consultant
Sysintelli Inc, Baltimore, MD

SAP BW HANA Consultant
Next Level Services, Remote

SAP HANA Consultant
Fisec Gobal, Baltimore, MD

SAP BW HANA Consultant
The Principal TAG, Bethesda, MD

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here