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DBMS > BoltDB vs. Heroic vs. LokiJS vs. MaxDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison BoltDB vs. Heroic vs. LokiJS vs. MaxDB vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embedded key-value store for Go.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchIn-memory JavaScript DBMSA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelKey-value storeTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.81
Rank#217  Overall
#33  Key-value stores
Score0.35
Rank#283  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#240  Overall
#38  Document stores
Score3.88
Rank#92  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score622.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­boltdb/­boltspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSmaxdb.sap.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperSpotifySAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20132014201419841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.9.10 (January 2020), 202014.5, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoJavaJavaScriptC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia Elasticsearchyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGoJavaScript.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoView functions in JavaScriptyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesnoneSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnono infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
BoltDBHeroicLokiJSMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DPostgreSQL
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