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DBMS > BoltDB vs. Datomic vs. Hazelcast vs. NuoDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison BoltDB vs. Datomic vs. Hazelcast vs. NuoDB vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn embedded key-value store for Go.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityA widely adopted in-memory data gridNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.50
Rank#207  Overall
#34  Key-value stores
Score1.98
Rank#111  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score9.16
Rank#44  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.94
Rank#153  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score2.62
Rank#94  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websitegithub.com/­boltdb/­boltwww.datomic.comhazelcast.comwww.nuodb.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comhazelcast.org/­documentationdoc.nuodb.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperCognitectHazelcastNuoDB, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release20132012200820131998
Current release0.9.5951, July 20194.0, February 20208.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava, ClojureJavaC++C
Server operating systemsBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategynoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query languageyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesGoClojure
Java
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoTransaction Functionsyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesJava, SQLyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersnoBy using transaction functionsyes infoEventsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes infoReplicated Mapyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoRole-based access controlStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
BoltDBDatomicHazelcastNuoDBVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
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Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
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Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
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NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
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Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
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Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
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