DBMS > Blueflood vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph
System Properties Comparison Blueflood vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Blueflood Xexclude from comparison||DuckDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TinkerGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Scalable TimeSeries DBMS based on Cassandra||An embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMS||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API|
|Primary database model||Time Series DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Rackspace||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer|
|Initial release||2013||2018||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2009|
|Current release||0.2, August 2020||14.3, May 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache 2.0||Open Source MIT License||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no||no|
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|Server operating systems||Linux|
|Data scheme||predefined scheme||yes||yes||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||HTTP REST||CLI Client|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C|
Go 3rd party driver
Ruby 3rd party driver
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||no||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding based on Cassandra||none||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||selectable replication factor based on Cassandra||none||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency based on Cassandra|
Immediate Consistency based on Cassandra
|Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||none|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||no||yes||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||optional|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||no||no||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.|
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