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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Neo4j vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Neo4j vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#183  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score57.87
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comneo4j.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comneo4j.com/­docsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperBlazegraphNeo4j, Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release200620072014
Current release2.1.5, March 20194.3.6, October 20213.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabricyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphNeo4jSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Jim Webber with Asurion’s Julie Fisher on Her Singular Path to Graph
14 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GDS 1.7 Features, Knowledge Graph with Spark and Neo4j, Digital Nomad Travel Logs, Link Predictions, Load Data Into AuraDB
9 October 2021

Combining Knowledge Graph and Graph Algorithms to Find Hidden Skills at NASA
8 October 2021

It’s Officially Fall: Let’s Catch Up on What You Missed This Summer
7 October 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Graphlytic Styles, Graphileon API Endpoints, O’Reilly Knowledge Graphs Course, Twitter Hashtags, Kafka with Neo4j AuraDB, Collatz Conjecture, Reactive Neo4j Spring Data
2 October 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
BlazegraphNeo4jSpark SQL
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