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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. eXtremeDB vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. eXtremeDB vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.81
Rank#213  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.80
Rank#214  Overall
#99  Relational DBMS
#18  Time Series DBMS
Score2.78
Rank#103  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comwww.mcobject.commilvus.io
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperBlazegraphMcObject
Initial release200620012019
Current release2.1.5, March 20198.2, 20212.3.4, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesVector, Numeric and String
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby defining eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning / shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Role based access control and fine grained access rights
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegrapheXtremeDBMilvus
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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RAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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Milvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
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As of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
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Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
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Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
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