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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.84
Rank#195  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score15.75
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Score2.60
Rank#104  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mddocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperBlazegraphMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2006201620192016
Current release2.1.5, March 20191.0, March 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLnono
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
BlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMilvusTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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