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DBMS > Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.84
Rank#195  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score36.70
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score15.75
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Websiteblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io
Technical documentationwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperBlazegraphMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2006201420162019
Current release2.1.5, March 20191.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoRDF literal typesyes infoJSON typesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptTransact SQLno
TriggersnoJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelyesno

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More resources
BlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMilvus
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